Born Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, he was never pleased with playing just one role in his life. He was Catalan, Spanish, and French altogether, a prodigy and an irresponsible adult in Paris, a passionate lover, husband, and father. But, above everything else, Picasso remains the most brilliant artistic personality of the 20th century, a fruitful painter who changed the life of modern art once and for all.
Almost 80 years of artistic activity reflect Picasso’s multilateral creation and indisputable role in the world of art. Although known as a brilliant painter, Picasso was also a remarkable sculptor, drawer, poet, and potter. Picasso was famous for his contribution to the modern arts as well as for private life.
Here are some of the most important facts you need to know about Pablo Picasso.
He had one of the longest names in the history
Although Spaniards and Latin Americans, in general, are known for using multiple names to baptize their children, Picasso benefitted from the help of various family members so that his full baptized name contains no less than 23 words.
His full name is Pablo Diego Jose Francisco de Paula Nepomuceno Maria de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Mártir Patricio Clito Ruiz y Picasso. However, he preferred to take the last name from his mother’s side, Maria Picasso y Lopez.
A child prodigy and an unconventional artist
Picasso expressed his wish for drawing at a very young age and he was tutored by his father, an art professor, and an artist himself. He began taking art classes at only 7 years old and by the time he was 13, he had already surpassed his father in style, vision, and talent.
However, although he was accepted at various prestigious art schools, Picasso always hated the rigidity and conventionalism of classes. Art seemed to become more technical and left little to the imagination and the fantasy of each painter.
So, he decided to seek inspiration in real life scenes and on city streets as opposed to what he was learning in art school. He became extremely interested in certain people categories so he began painting gypsies, prostitutes, and beggars.
Various painting styles determined by his love life
Picasso’s style varies as he enters different stages of his life. He started off as a classic, style that was attributed to the beginning of his life with a quiet family and pleasant working ground.
By 1921, the artist begins to experiment with surrealism, a modern art movement to which he adheres but never fully adopts.
In his personal life, Picasso was often seen as a heartbreaker. He was married twice, had about six mistresses and hundreds of other love affairs throughout his life. He had four children and married for the second time when he was 79 years old.
His tumultuous love allegedly determined one wife, one mistress, one child, and one grandson to commit suicide.